From Automotive News,
Carmakers got more specific about timing for self-driving vehicles while discussing their plans this month at CES in Las Vegas and the Detroit auto show.
Most forecasts of market-ready, fully autonomous vehicles fall within a five-year range, but there are varying definitions to sort through.
“Full autonomy can mean anything,” said Gill Pratt, CEO of the Toyota Research Institute, at the Detroit show.
The Society of Automotive Engineers says a Level 4 autonomous vehicle can drive itself under a defined set of conditions, such as a geofenced area or a designated highway lane. A Level 5 vehicle does not require a human driver under any condition.
Ola Kaellenius, Daimler’s new head of r&d, said rapidly advancing sensing technology and improvements in artificial intelligence are making it clearer when Level 3, 4 and 5 vehicles will appear.
“Level 3, I believe, will be on the market before 2020 — Level 3 being some situations where the car takes over completely,” said Kaellenius at the Detroit show.
Level 4 and Level 5 will be “coming in a big commercial way, not just a showcase or a limited area … between 2020 and 2025,” he said.